Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. It is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers and considered as fiber of the future. Jute is second only to cotton in world's production of textile fibers. India, Bangladesh, China and Thailand are the leading producers of Jute. It is also produced in southwest Asia and Brazil. The jute fiber is also known as Pat, kosta, Nalita, Bimli or Mesta. India is largest producer of jute goods in the world. Cultivation of jute in India is mainly confined to eastern region states. In India, 4000,000 families are involved in cultivation of raw jute. India is self sufficient in the jute seed production.

Jute is not only a major textile fiber but also a raw material for non-traditional and value added non-textile products

The primary source of jute fiber is Corchorous Olitorious. “Jute is the name of plant or fiber that is used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. The word ‘Jute’ is probable coined from the word Jhuta or jota, an oriya word. Another best source of jute in the world is the Bengal delta, most of which is occupied by Bangladesh

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Jute is a season crop, sown from march to may accordimg to rainfall & type of land. Jute requires a warm & humid climate with temp. b/w 24oc to 37oc. The soil of good depth, containing salts from annual floods, is best for jute. The stalk diameter of plant is 3/4 inches.

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  •  Jute fiber is 100% bio-degradable and thus environment-friendly.
  •  Jute has low pesticide and fertilizer needs.
  •  It is a natural fiber with golden & silky shine and hence called the golden fiber.
  •  It has high tensile strength and low extensibility
  •  Fiber surface & appearance: Yellow to brown to dirty grey in color & natural silky lust row appearance.
  •  Tensile Strength: not stronger than flax because of the irregularities in the thickness of cell wall.
  •  Elongation: elongation at break = 1.7%
  •  Elastic Properties: It is a stiff fiber & not tend to return its original length completely when the tension is relaxed
  •  Specific Gravity: 1.5
  •  Length: 1-4 meters
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  •  Great antistatic properties
  •  Low thermal conductivity
  •  Cheap in market
  •  Can be widely used in Agriculture sector, Textile sector, non-woven sector
  •  Jute fiber can be blended with natural & synthetic fiber.